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Biography of Muammar Gaddafi



Muammar Gaddafi was born in 1942  in a Bedouin settlement in the southern sands of the North. Muammar's father was Mohammed Abdul Salam binpadangkotaSirte, LibyaHamed Mohammed aka Abu Meniar, his mother named Aisha. 

Muammar Gaddafi's parents were of the humble Qaddafa (Barber) tribe and adhered to the teachings of Islam (Daliman, 2000: 152). His father was just a camel herder and his mother was illiterate. The Qaddafa tribe is the poorest tribe in the world, living to see its descendants scattered across the universe. Muammar Gaddafi grew up without a mattress, electricity, floor, or water jernLibyaih from plumbing (Tempo, October 14, 1989).

Muammar Gaddafi completed primary(in Sirte) and secondary (in Sebha) at an Islamic school that used Arabic instruction, then concentrated his studies in history. Muammar Gaddafi became interested in revolutions, particularly the 1952 Egyptian revolution driven by Gammal Abdul Nasser. 

In 1965 Muammar Gaddafi graduated as an officer, then was sent to telecommunications education. During his education in the dormitory, Muammar Gaddafi did not like to leave the dormitory because he considered life in his neighborhood was not good. Despite his rigid looks, Muammar Gaddafi was not a  devotee. The feeling of joy is not shed with hura-hura and leisure time is used by horseback riding, listening to music and reading (Daliman, 2000: 153).

In March 1966, Muammar Gaddafi continued his military education at the royal Armored Corps Headquarters in Bavington, England for four and a half months and succeeded as the best-rated student. At the military academy, Muammar Gaddafi met his companions who a few years later with him formed the Revolutionary Command Council. His closest friend was Abdul Salam  Jalloud (M. Riza Sihbudi, 1990:84).  

When he was in his teens, Muammar Gaddafi asked three questions about (1) Apa called pyramid organization and the neglected way to organize a structure; (2) The possibility of rallying a revolution in Libya; and  (3) the possibility of gaining Egyptian assistance in the revolution  (Tempo, 14 October 1989). In short Muammar Gaddafi had asked how to orchestrate a coup d'état and thought about how to rally power and how to launch a revolution. Muammar Gaddafi is often seen carrying transistor radios that broadcast the messages of the Arab nationalist revolution throughout the desert.

Muammar Gaddafi was also a  very intelligent man. During school several times had skipped classes. One of his teachers, Abdul Wafi al-Ghadafi, described the colonel as talented and meticulous.
The development of his soul begins with the stories of ancient legends that shaped the character of his ancestral tribe, ranging from the legend of the dexterity of fighting while riding a horse to the story of a knight who desperately defends his tribe from the threat of an eight-headed monster. 

In addition, the stories of the heroism of the martyrs of his people who have died in the struggle to drive out the invaders. His brother died at the hands of the Italian colonial government. His father and uncle once curled up in an occupier prison. 

His hero was Omar Mukhtar, an old man who daily became a teacher of recitation and led an armed jihadi insurgency against Italian invaders in Libya, although he was eventually captured and punished by the occupation army. Thus, it is only natural that the ideals of Libyan independence grew in the soul of young Muammar Gaddafi.  

Semangat Islam influenced by the salaf Sanusiniyah sect formed also sikapanti-Western thick. Muammar Gaddafi had spoken of the revolution at the age of 14. As a 16-year-old, Muammar Gaddafi had mobilized pro and anti-Israel protesters in Sebha. One day in 1962, there was a quite tense incident in a classroom of a mining ah school inNasserMisurata, southeast tripoli.

That morning, the students were simultaneously standing upright when inspector Jonhston, an English teacher suddenly broke down the classroom doors and entered with a cavalier step. All disciples stood perfectly respectful of his presence, except for one who remained seated in a defiant manner, he was Muammar Gaddafi. 

The atmosphere of the class gets tense when the two stares at each other and inevitably, Jonhston asks silently, how could a Libyan teenager whose country under England, underdeveloped and village, dare to behave in front of official British officials. Jonhston was angry and approached Muammar Gaddafi and told him to get out, but Muammar Gaddafi did not want to go out and retaliated with a bang. 

The class teacher immediately broke down and ordered Muammar Gaddafi to come out. Muammar's hatred of all kinds of Western culture is a picture of the wounds of his nation that for decades were colonized by other nations,  one of the Italians (Encyclopedia Nasional: 1990: 456).

Sand life provides sand Bedouin Padang Padang values, such as the value of equality that requires that individuals be selfless and attach more importance to tribes or families. The applicable penalty is retributive or commendable. 

Another value is generosity and a wise attitude in each individual, hospitality-hospitality is also the most important value. Tents or houses not only accept travelers but also open for people who need protection  (Tempo, October 14, 1989).

Muammar ar Gaddafi grew into a person who upholds morality and has a strong spirit of Islamic struggle, a hard view, simple and upholds the values of equality and life  (Daliman, 2000: 152). Muammar Gaddafi was raised in a Bedouin community that adhered to a close family system and the experience of the school where  Muammar Gaddafi received Islamic religious education.

His educational background and family became a solid foundation for Muammar Gaddafi to be a hardman in terms of morality, puritanical life, and have a high sensitivity to the surrounding environment. Muammar Gaddafi is known as an anti-alcoholic and anti-nightlife person (Daliman, 2000: 153). 

Since childhoodMuammar Gaddafi was very anti-colonial. The anti-colonial attitude has indeed grown and ingrained in the person of Muammar Gaddafi since childhood.

Muammar Gaddafi was heavily influenced by Gammal Abdul Nasser's ideas, which were primarily about:  (1) Arab Nationalism, in which in July 1970 the Italian and Jewish communities in Libya were confiscated. In 1971 the socialist party was formed, the  Arab Socialist Union  (ASU). 

ASU Libya is a vehicle of Arab Nationalism and seeks socialization and political participation (Islamic Lexicon, 1988: 357); (2)  Socialism,socialism in question is the thought of the concept of socialism based on a deep understanding of Islam instead of socialism sponsored by the Soviet Union (Dudung Abdurrahman, 2002: 299); and Pan Islamism, Pan Islamism is a sense of solidarity between all believers (Lothrop Stroddard, 1966: 46), then Muammar Gaddafi created a federation among others with Egypt, Sudan, Syria (1969-1970), with Egypt alone (1973), with Tunisia alone (1974), with Syria (1980), with Chad (1980-1981) and Morocco (1985) (M. Riza Sihbudi, 1990: 85). Similarly, the Three Circles are Arabic, African and Islamic.

Muammar Khadafi is very sympathetic to  Nasser, also the idol Nasserfigure Muammar Khadafi who has always been admired and adored since becoming a cadet at the Military Academy (Daliman, 2000: 154).

Muammar Gaddafi was a controversial figure. Domestically he was revered as a "revolutionary philosopher" and defender of the oppressed, liberators of the country. 

The outside world is known as a dent in the funding of various international terrorist acts. Muammar Gaddafi is considered able to lead the people to prosperity and Libya prosperity, where everyone has a home and enough food and everywhere established health clinics, people can seek treatment free of charge.  free from stability (Tempo, October 14, 1989). 

Abroad he was accused of being a terrorist of international terrorism. The Libya United States and other Western N.F.O.  are not tired of cursing with the words pedals. 

Muammar Gaddafi was defended desperately by the people eyes because in history only Muammar Khadafilah that turned the desert is very terrible in the world into giant dams that will later turn Libya from a barren hot Negara into a land of jellyfish and full of green leaves (Suara Merdeka, April 29, 1992).

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